Pinus wallichiana
Common name: 
Himalayan Pine
Bhutan Pine
Pronunciation: 
PI-nus wal-lik-ee-A-na
Family: 
Pinaceae
Genus: 
Synonyms: 
Pinus griffithii
Type: 
Conifer
Native to (or naturalized in) Oregon: 
No
  • Conifer, evergreen tree, 30-50 ft (9-15 m), loosely pyramidal when young, needles more or less droopy.  Bark gray-green and smooth at first, even on branches several years-old, then turning dark-gray and fissured in scales.  Five needles per bundle, erect on young shoots spreading and pendulous on older shoots, 13-20 cm long, sharp pointed, gray-green.  Cones solitary, subterminal,15-25 cm long, on a long stalk (2.5-5 cm), very resinous.
  • Sun. Best on acid loam, well-drained soil.  Severe winter winds may cause needle browning.
  • Hardy to USDA Zone 5     Native to the temperate Himalayan areas and Afghanistan and Nepal.
  • The variegated cultivar,  'Zabrina'  -  is a fast growing, upright tree and its needles are barred (zebra-like) with cream-yellow bands
  • wallichiana : after Nathaniel Wallich (1786-1854), Danish surgeon and botanist, superintendent of the Calcutta Botanical Garden.
  • Oregon State Univ. campus: east of Community (formerly Benton) Hall
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    plant habit

  • plant habit

    plant habit

  • needles

    needles

  • needles

    needles

  • cones and branches

    cones and branches

  • new growth

    new growth

  • shoot, needles and cones

    shoot, needles and cones

  • cone and seed

    cone and seed

  • older branches

    older branches

  • trunk, bark

    trunk, bark