Pinus wallichiana
Common name: 
Himalayan Pine
Bhutan Pine
PI-nus wal-lik-ee-A-na
Pinus griffithii
Native to (or naturalized in) Oregon: 
  • Conifer, evergreen tree, 30-50 ft (9-15 m), loosely pyramidal when young, needles more or less droopy.  Bark gray-green and smooth at first, even on branches several years-old, then turning dark-gray and fissured in scales.  Five needles per bundle, erect on young shoots spreading and pendulous on older shoots, 13-20 cm long, sharp pointed, gray-green.  Cones solitary, subterminal,15-25 cm long, on a long stalk (2.5-5 cm), very resinous.
  • Sun. Best on acid loam, well-drained soil.  Severe winter winds may cause needle browning.
  • Hardy to USDA Zone ?     "This handsom pine's hardiness has been rated from Zone 8 to Zone 4.  Like many other pines, hardiness depends on the seed source.  Specimens at The Minnesota Landscape Arboretum are growing well. (Snyder, 2000)"    The Arboretum is in Chanhassen, some 20 miles southwest of Minneapolis, and rated as Zone 4b, -25°F to -20°F.     Native to the temperate Himalayan areas, from eastern Afghanistan east across northern Pakistan and India to Yunnan province in southwestern China. It grows in mountain valleys at elevations of 6,000 and 14,000 feet (1,800 – 4,300 m) above sea level.
  • The variegated cultivar,  'Zabrina'  -  is a fast growing, upright tree and its needles are barred (zebra-like) with cream-yellow bands
  • wallichiana : after Nathaniel Wallich (1786-1854), Danish surgeon and botanist, superintendent of the Calcutta Botanical Garden.
  • Oregon State Univ. campus: east of Community (formerly Benton) Hall
Click image to enlarge
  • plant habit

    plant habit

  • plant habit

    plant habit

  • needles


  • needles


  • cones and branches

    cones and branches

  • new growth

    new growth

  • shoot, needles and cones

    shoot, needles and cones

  • cone and seed

    cone and seed

  • older branches

    older branches

  • trunk, bark

    trunk, bark