Native to (or naturalized in) Oregon:
- Evergreen conifer with a height range of 33-79 ft (10-24 m), open growth with wide spreading lower branches. Trunk vertical and branches horizontal to up curved. Buds resinous. Needles (leaves) 3 per bundle, slightly spreading, not drooping, 15-30 cm long and only 2 mm wide, dusty gray-green, all surfaces with pale, fine stomatal lines, margins serrulate. Pollen cones ovoid to cylindric, to 25 mm, light purple-brown, aging orange-brown. Seed cones mature in 2 years, massive, heavy (one of the heaviest of any pine), drooping, ovoid-cylindric when open, 20-35 cm long, pale yellow-brown, resinous.
- Sun, resistant to heat, wind and drought. Good in the high desert. Cones are heavy and potentially dangerous.
- Hardy to USDA Zone 8 Native range extends from the California's Central Coast, east of San Francisco, down to the South Coast and just into Baja California.
- coulteri: after the tree's discover (1831), Thomas Coulter (1793–1843), an Irish physician, botanist and explorer.