Pinus sabiniana
Common name: 
Gray Pine
Foothill Pine
PI-nus sa-been-ee-AH-na
Native to (or naturalized in) Oregon: 
  • Conifer, evergreen tree, 40-70 ft (12-21 m) tall or higher, often multistemmed and crooked trunk, crown rounded and open.  Bark gray-brown, thick, deeply fissured, exfoliating in irregular patches, revealing a red-brown under bark.  Needles 3 per bundle, 20-30 cm long, slender, 1.5 mm wide, drooping, light blue-green, serrate on margins, stomatal lines on all sides, leaf sheath about 25 mm at first.  Cones solitary or several laterally arranged, persisting for 3-7 years, large, 15-25 cm long, egg-shaped, cone-scales long, thick
  • Sun or light shade. Best if grown on well-drained soil, found on dry ridges in foothills and low mountains.  Very ornamental
  • Hardy to USDA Zone 8     Native to northern and southern California, in the Coast Range and the Sierra Nevada.  David Douglas, the intrepid Scottish plantsman, while confined for three months in 1831 to the Monterey Bay area awaiting a travel visa from the Mexican authorities, visited the San Juan Bautista Mission and discovered this species in the foothills of the Gabilan Range.
  • sabiniana: after Joseph Sabine, (1770-1837) British barrister and horticulturist, patron of David Douglas, who introduced the pine in England in 1832. Douglas died in Hawaii in 1834 on his way back to England.
  • Corvallis: on the east side of Arboretum Road 


Click image to enlarge
  • plant habit

    plant habit

  • young tree

    young tree

  • branches


  • needles and buds

    needles and buds

  • open canopy, young tree

    open canopy, young tree

  • cones


  • cones


  • seeds


  • trunk, bark

    trunk, bark