Pinus sabiniana
Common name: 
Gray Pine
Foothill Pine
Digger Pine
PI-nus sa-been-ee-ah-na
Native to (or naturalized in) Oregon: 
  • Conifer, evergreen tree, 40-70 ft (12-21 m) tall or higher, often multistemmed and crooked trunk, crown rounded and open.  Bark gray-brown, thick, deeply fissured, exfoliating in irregular patches, revealing a red-brown under bark.  Needles 3 per bundle, 20-30 cm long, slender, 1.5 mm wide, drooping, light blue-green, serrate on margins, stomatal lines on all sides, leaf sheath about 25 mm at first.  Cones solitary or several laterally arranged, persisting for 3-7 years, mostly 15-25 cm long, egg-shaped, cone-scales long, thick.
  • Sun or light shade. Best if grown on well-drained soil, found on dry ridges in foothills and low mountains.  Very ornamental.
  • Hardy to USDA Zone 8     Native to northern and southern California, in the Coast Range and the Sierra Nevada.
  • sabiniana: after Joseph Sabine, (1770-1837) British barrister and horticulturist, patron of David Douglas (who introduced the pine in England in 1832).
  • Corvallis: on the east side of Arboretum Road.
Click image to enlarge
  • plant habit

    plant habit

  • young tree

    young tree

  • branches


  • needles and buds

    needles and buds

  • open canopy, young tree

    open canopy, young tree

  • cones


  • cone


  • trunk, bark

    trunk, bark