Pinus monophylla
Common name: 
Singleleaf Pinon Pine
One-leaved Pine
Pronunciation: 
PI-nus mono-FI-la
Family: 
Pinaceae
Genus: 
Type: 
Conifer
Native to (or naturalized in) Oregon: 
No
  • Conifer, evergreen, tree to 50 ft (15 m) tall, slow growing, often multistemmed, upswept branches, rounded or flat crown.  Leaves single, rarely 2 per bundle, about 3 cm long, stiff, thick, circular in cross section, prickly, gray-green and striped.  Cones short stalked, to 5 cm long, wider, thick scales which curve downward, seeds are large (10-15 mm), heavy, edible (pine nuts).
  • Sun.  Drought resistant.
  • Hardy to USDA Zone 5         Native to a large part of western and southwestern North America, from southern Idaho, western Utah and northwestern Arizona, southwestern New Mexico, through Nevada and eastern, central and southern California (Mojave Desert) to northern Baja California.
  • monophylla: single leaf, one needle per "bundle", Greek, mone, one; and phyllos, leaves.
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  • plant habit, in habitat

    plant habit, in habitat

  • plant habit, in habitat

    plant habit, in habitat

  • small tree in a landscape

    small tree in a landscape

  • branches

    branches

  • branchlets and cones

    branchlets and cones

  • branchlets

    branchlets

  • needles

    needles

  • cone and branchlet

    cone and branchlet

  • needles and cones

    needles and cones

  • trunk, bark

    trunk, bark