Pinus halepensis
Common name: 
Aleppo Pine
Jerusalem Pine
PI-nus ha-le-PEN-sis
Native to (or naturalized in) Oregon: 
  • Conifer, evergreen tree, about 30-50 ft (10-15 m) tall, irregular crown with short ascending branches, columnar when young, umbrella or globose shape when older; trunk often bowed or twisted.  Bark gray, smooth for a long time then finally brown.  Leaves (needles) in 2 per bundle, occasionally 3, outspread, often clustered at branch tips, 6-10 cm long, thin (0.8 mm), margin finely serrate, light green, stomatal lines on both sides, sheath about 8 mm long, persistent.  Cones single or groups of 2-3, short stalked, usually straight, broadly conical-oblong in 3rd year, 8-10 cm long, to 4 cm wide, red-brown to nearly yellow, may remain attached several years after ripening.
  • Sun  takes poor soil and difficult conditions, e.g., desert heat and sea coast.
  • Hardy to USDA Zone 8     Native to the Mediterranean region; Morocco and Spain to Libya, Greece and Israel.  Now common in California and the Southwest.
  • Aleppo: an ancient city in northern Syria (Halab or Halep in Aribic).
  • halepensis: of Halep or Aleppo
Click image to enlarge
  • plant habit

    plant habit

  • plant habit

    plant habit

  • crown


  • branch, needles and cones

    branch, needles and cones

  • needles


  • open cone

    open cone

  • trunk, bark

    trunk, bark