Pinus mugo var. mugo
Pinus mugo var. mughus
Native to (or naturalized in) Oregon:
- Conifer, evergreen shrub, multistemmed or many branched, low growing form of the species, wider than tall, less than 8 ft tall x 16 ft wide (2.5 x 5 m). Size variable due to seed source. Needles in pairs, usually 2.5-5 cm long, basal sheath up to 1.5 mm long. Cones subterminal without a stalk, ovoid or conical-ovoid, 2.5-5 cm long, apex surrounded by a darker ring.
- Hardy to USDA Zone 2 The species, which may grow to 30-80 ft tall (9-24 m) with an equal width (!), is native to the mountains of central and southern Europe; the var. mugo is found in the Alps and Balkans.
Many selections available, here are five dwarf forms:
- 'Golden Mound' - dwarf evergreen shrub, foliage green in summer but golden in winter
- 'Mini Mini' - miniature shrub, flattened globe, only 8 inches (20 cm) tall in 10 years; has very small green needles
- 'Mitsch Mini' - dwarf evergreen shrub, very slow growing, about 1 inch (2.5 cm) per year, small green needles
- 'Oregon Jade' - dwarf evergreen shrub, compact spreading mound, green leaves
- var. pumilo: - common form, dwarf, dense, spreading habit, but, in time, may reach 5 ft high and 10 ft wide (1.5 x 3 m).
- Oregon State Univ. campus: northeast of Peavy Forest Science Center.