Pinus pinea
Common name: 
Italian Stone Pine
Umbrella Pine
PI-nus pi-nee-a
Native to (or naturalized in) Oregon: 
  • Conifer, evergreen tree, 40-80 ft (12-25 m) tall, similar width, crown broadly arched, umbrella-shaped, bark on older trees reddish or yellowish brown.  Leaves (needles) in 2's, 10-15 cm long and about 2 mm wide, stiff, twisted, apex sharp, margins finely toothed (dentate), dorsal side with about 12 stomatal lines, ventral side with about 6, sheath 10-12 mm long.  Cones usually solitary, terminal, occasionally grouped 2-3, broadly oval, 8-15 cm long and up to 10 cm wide, glossy brown, often up to 100 seeds per cone, seeds large and edible (pine nuts) and are collected commercially from trees stands and forests, especially in Spain and Portugal.
  • Sun.  Heat tolerant.  Good for sandy soils and beach areas.  Eventually too large for small gardens(Sunset Western Garden Book)
  • Hardy to USDA Zone 8      Its native range may be impossible to determine for man has expanded its growing range for thousands of years; its range now includes the Canary Islands, the entire Mediterranean region and into Turkey.
  • Pinus pinea is the species of pine commemorated in the musical piece, The Pines of Rome, which is part of the Roman Trilogy composed by Ottorino Resphigi in 1924.
  • pinea: relating to pine, apparently the classical Latin name for pine nuts.
  • Silverton, Oregon: The Oregon Garden - Conifer Garden.
Click image to enlarge
  • plant habit, young

    plant habit, young

  • needles