Acer velutinum
Common name: 
Velvet Maple
A-ser vel-u-TI-num
Sapindaceae, Aceraceae
Native to (or naturalized in) Oregon: 
  • Broadleaf deciduous tree, to 40-50(80) ft [12-15(24) m] high.  Leaves opposite, simple, 5 lobed, 15-20(25) cm across, subcordate shaped, margin coarsely crenate-serrate, bright green above, pubescent below; long petiole.  (Appear similar to leaves of Acer pseudoplantanus.)  Flowers yellowish green, in terminal, erect ovoid clusters, 8-10 cm wide; appear after leaves.  Fruit (samara) 3-4.5 cm long, wings spreading at right or obtuse angle, in pendulous clusters at maturity.
  • Sun or light shade, best in moist soil.  "Despite the wretched autumnal condition [horrible brown, burnt orange at best], the tree has a clean vigorours form and handsome summer foliage" (Jacobson, 1986, p. 64).  Common roadside and street tree in Russia.
  • Hardy to USDA Zone 5   Native to the Caucasus and northern Iran.  Tentatively three botanical varieties are recognized: var. velutinum (underside of leaves pubescent and with a bloom [glaucous]), var. glabrescens (leaves hairless [glabrous], and var. vanvolxemii (large leaves).
  • velutinum: velvety
Click image to enlarge
  • plant habit

    plant habit

  • flower cluster and leaves

    flower cluster and leaves

  • leaves


  • trunk, bark and winter twig, bud

    trunk, bark and winter twig, bud