Native to (or naturalized in) Oregon:
- Conifer, evergreen, large (the largest Abies), 100-250 ft (30-76 m), conical, slightly drooping branches. Needles flat, spreading almost at right angles in 2 rows, crowded and turned upward on upper branches, 1.5-6 cm long (often alternating short and long needles), apex notched, grooved, shiny and dark green above, silvery-white beneath, odor of oranges when crushed. Cones 5-10 cm long, cylindrical, upright. Roots deep and wide spreading.
- Sun or partial shade. Adaptable with regard to soil. Grown as a Christmas tree.
- Hardy to USDA Zone 4 Native to Southern British Columbia south along Pacific coast to California, also in central Idaho and eastern Oregon. Commonly found at low elevations in the area.
A few selections available from specialty nurseries, including:
- ‘Aurea’ - yellow new foliage
- ‘Compacta’ - small round ball
- ‘Johnsonii’ - narrow form