Japanese Flowering Cherry
Native to (or naturalized in) Oregon:
- Broadleaf deciduous tree, 20-35 ft (6-11 cm), many clones, variable habits. Note horizontal lenticels on bark. Leaves alternate, simple, 5-13 cm long, have a long point, serrate with bristle-like teeth, 2-4 glands on petiole. Flowers 3.5 cm diameter, white, double, 3-5 per cluster, pedicels to 4 cm long. Fruit a small black cherry.
- Sun or part shade. Grown for the relatively large flowers that cover the trees in spring. Susceptible to several diseases.
- Hardy to USDA Zone 5 Species native to China, Japan, Korea. Many cultivars available, some of the more common ones include:
- 'Kanzan' - new leaves bronzy; flowers deep pink, double, 5 per pendulous clusters
- 'Mt. Fugi' - horizontal branch pattern; flowers white, semi-double, often turn pinkish before petal fall.
- 'Royal Burgundy' - leaves are purplish; flowers similar to 'Kanzan', but slightly darker pink
- 'Shirofugen' - leaves crimson flushed bronze when young, flowers small, double, pink in bud and white when open
- 'Ukon' - young leaves pale bronze, flowers semi-double, large, yellowish white or light green with pink center
- Sometimes cultivars are grafted on to Prunus serrula, Birchbark Cherry, at a height of about 5 ft to produce a tree with showy flowers and showy bark.
- Oregon State Univ. campus: south (west) side of the Memorial Union ('Mt. Fugi'); front of Bexell ('Kanzan').