Native to (or naturalized in) Oregon:
- Broadleaf, deciduous tree, under cultivation it may reach a height of 30-40 ft (9-12 m), if allowed to grow in a natural conical shape to 70 ft (21 m) or more. Leaves are alternate, simple, oblong-ovate, 6-15 cm long, margin unequally serrate, the upper surface is dark green and rugose (wrinkled), more or less pubescent below; reddish glands develop on the petiole near the leaf blade. Flowers are white, 2.5-3.5 cm across, in large clusters (umbles). Fruit is ovoid, 2.5 cm, when fully ripe, bright or dark red, yellow or yellowish red, or black.
- Full sun, best in well-drained, loamy, fertile, moist soils, tolerate a wide range of pH levels, but a preference for acidic conditions
- Hardy to USDA Zone 5 Note: for the termination of bud rest and normal growth in spring, sweet cherries have a chilling requirement of between 700 to 800 hours or about 28-32 days continuously exposed to 45 degrees or less.
- avium: Latin, Prunus avium (“bird cherry”, literally “birds' plum tree”) of birds,
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