Picea omorika
Common name: 
Serbian Spruce
Pronunciation: 
PI-see-a o-mor-E-ka
Family: 
Pinaceae
Genus: 
Type: 
Conifer
Native to (or naturalized in) Oregon: 
No
  • Conifer, evergreen tree, to 60ft (18 m) tall, with a spread of 20-25 ft (6.7.6 m), very slender trunk, forms a narrow, pyramidal head.  Bark coffee color, with thin scales.  Needles short, 13-25 mm long, flat (most spruce needles are 4-sided), keeled on both sides, dark green without stomata above, glaucous white with 4-6 distinct, stomatic bands on either side of the midrib below.  Cones oblong-ovoid 3-4.5 cm long, 1.3-2 cm in diameter, glossy cinnamon brown when ripe.
  • Sun. Best in a deep rich soil, moist and well-drained.  Appears to tolerate city conditions.
  • Hardy to USDA Zone 4      Native to the southeastern Europe (southwestern Serbia), with a few stands in the limestone mountains on either side of the upper Drina River.
  • A few coltivars are in the nursery trade:
    • 'Bruns'  -  tree, very narrow, 14 ft (4 m) tall and 4 ft (1.2 m) wide in 10 years, foliage light green and light blue
    • 'Pendula'  -  tree, narrow, weeping branches
    • 'Pendula Bruns'  -  tree, weeping, extremely narrow, 7ft (2.1 m) tall and 2 ft (0.6 m) wide in 10 years, foliage silvery blue-green
    • 'Pimoko'  -  dwarf shrub, dense, thickly branched, rounded globose form
  • omorika: the Balkan vernacular name for spruce (Jacobson, 1996).
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  • trunk, bark

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