Common Name: 
Spruce

Conifer, evergreen, generally tall and symmetrical, usually pyramidal or conical.  Nearly 40 species in the genus, mostly confined to colder regions in the Northern Hemisphere.  A peg-like stalk supports each leaf (needle) and they remain when leaves fall; needles usually 4-sided, sometimes flat.  Cones mostly hanging.  Many cultivars occur within some species, e.g., P. abies, P. glauca, P. pungens.
Picea: an ancient Latin word for the spruces, derived from pix, a word for pitch.

Remember:
     Fir             flat needles (usually) and friendly (to the touch, usually, but Spanish Fir is sharp pointed)
     Spruce     sharp, square (needles in cross-section, usually)
     Pine         in packages (needles in groups of 2, 3, 5, rarely one)

Pronunciation: 
PI-see-a
Family: 
Pinaceae

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