Native to (or naturalized in) Oregon:
- Broadleaf deciduous tree or shrub, to 20-30(50) ft, [6-9(15) m], narrow to broad pyramid. Leaves alternate, simple, to about 12 cm long and 5 cm wide, narrow oval to lanceolate, tip acute, base wedge-shaped or rounded, margin entire, glabrous (smooth) and dull green above and pale green below; fragrant, when crushed giving off an odor of anise or lemon-verbena (Gardiner, 2000). Flowers white, fragrant, mostly 7.5-10 cm wide, made of 6 "petals", called tepals; appear before the leaves in spring. Fruit 5-7.5 cm long, rose-pink but fades to dull brown, has scarlet seeds.
- Sun to part shade. Best in moist, acid soils.
- Hardy to USDA Zone (3) 4 Native to three islands of Japan, Honshu, Shikoku, and Kyushu, between 490-1340 m (1600-4400 ft). Several cultivars available.