Native to (or naturalized in) Oregon:
- Deciduous shrub, to 10 ft (3 m), spreading branches, oval to broad-rounded, suckers and forms multistemmed clumps. Leaves alternate, simple, variable shaped (elliptic to oblong-lanceolate), 3.5-7 cm long, tip acute or acuminate, base wedge-shaped (cuneate), margin singly or doubly serrate, dark green above, usually pubescent below, at least on the veins. Dioecious -male and female plants. Flowers white, 4-7 parted, short stalked, male flowers 3-10 per cluster, female flowers singly or 2-3 per cluster. Fruit globose, bright red, about 6 mm wide, often in pairs.
- Sun to partial shade. Adapts to many soil types, best in moist, organic soil.
- Hardy to USDA Zone 3 A hardy holly. Its native range extends over much of eastern and central North America. Many selections available in commerce but the choices are more limited in the western U.S.
A few cultivars:
- 'Red Sprite' - shrub, 3-5 ft tall (0.9-1.5 m), compact, rounded form, lustrous dark green, large bright red fruit
- 'Sunsplash' - shrub, a few leaves are all green but most are variegated with irregular yellow mottling, bright red fruit.
'Winter Red' - shrub, to about 8 ft (2.4 m) tall and wide, suckering, leaves dark green, heavy producer of bright red fruit