Betula populifolia
Common name: 
Gray Birch
Fire Birch
BET-u-la pop-u-li-FO-li-a
Native to (or naturalized in) Oregon: 
  • Deciduous tree, small to medium, to about 40 ft (12 m) tall, open, conical crown; usually with several trunks which are often curved and leaning.  Bark thin, smooth, reddish-brown when young, becoming chalky white, rough and warty, peeling only with difficulty into rectangular patches.  Leaves alternate, simple, triangular, 4-7 cm long, base broadly wedge-shaped (cuneate) or truncated, very elongated apex, margin doubly serrate, 6-9 vein pairs each ending in a large tooth, glossy green, yellow in fall.  Fruit catkins 1.5-2 cm long.
  • Sun, will grow on poor soil, both wet and dry.  Short lived, probably less than 20 years in cultivation.   Somewhat resistant to bronze birch borer.
  • Hardy to USDA Zone 3    Native to northeastern North America, its natural range is from Nova Scotia and Ontario south to Delaware.  A successional tree on burned, cleared, or abandoned land, hence one of its common name, Fire Birch.
  • A selection that is resistant to the bronze birch borer is 'Whitespire Senior'.
  • populifolia: popular-leaved.
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  • Betula populifolia

    Betula populifolia