Betula pendula 'Purpurea'
Common name: 
Purple European Birch
Pronunciation: 
BET-u-la PEN-dew-la
Family: 
Betulaceae
Genus: 
Type: 
Broadleaf
Native to (or naturalized in) Oregon: 
No
  • Small, deciduous tree, pendulous, purple-black twigs, bark less white than type.  Foliage deep reddish purple in spring, more bronze by summer, and bronze-green or even copper-orange in fall.  Leaves normal shape (i.e., broadly ovate, sometimes rhomboidal to diamond shaped, wedge-shaped or truncate at base, 2.5-7.5 cm long, coarsely doubly serrate).
  • Often lacks vigor and is a "borer magnet" (Dirr, 1998).  Apparently performs best in a cold climate.
  • Hardy to USDA Zone 2      Several purple-leafed clones have been developed from this selection or have originated anew (e.g., ‘Dark Prince’, ‘Purple Rain’).
  • Oregon State Univ. campus: east side of Wilkinson (planted 1971).
Click image to enlarge
  • plant habit, spring and summer

    plant habit, spring and summer

  • leaves

    leaves

  • leaves (May), comparison with species

    leaves (May), comparison with species

  • leaves (Sept.), comparison with species

    leaves (Sept.), comparison with species