Betula maximowicziana
Common name: 
Monarch Birch
Pronunciation: 
BET-u-la max-im-o-wix-ee-A-na
Family: 
Betulaceae
Genus: 
Type: 
Broadleaf
Native to (or naturalized in) Oregon: 
No
  • Deciduous tree, fast growing, to about 45 ft (14 m) tall under cultivation, 100 ft (30 m) in its native habitat, open crown, twigs dark red-brown, bark thin, gray and white, tinted with orange, peeling somewhat.  Leaves alternate, simple, broadly cordate-ovate, 8-14 cm long, apex acute, margin doubly serrate, 7-11 paired veins, vein tips protruding past the margin, dense pubescence on young leaves, dark green above and paler below; fall color gold-yellow.  Female catkins cylindrical, 6 cm long, male catkins about 11 cm long, 2-4 together.
  • Sun
  • Hardy to USDA Zone 5    Native to northern Japan.  According to Jacobson (1996, p. 86) many of the trees sold as Monarch Birch are in fact "pretenders", specifically B. ermanii and B. platyphylla.
  • maximowicziana: after Carl Johann Maximowicz (1827-1891), Russian botanist, curator of the botanical gardens in St. Petersburg.  He traveled extensively in Mongolia and Japan, where he discovered this tree.
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  • plant habit

    plant habit

  • leaves

    leaves

  • leaf

    leaf

  • leaf

    leaf

  • leaves and catkins

    leaves and catkins

  • leaf, fall

    leaf, fall

  • trunk, bark

    trunk, bark

  • winter twigs, buds

    winter twigs and buds