Berberis higginsiae, Mahonia fremontii
Native to (or naturalized in) Oregon:
- Broadleaf evergreen shrub, usually 5-10 ft (1.3-3 m) tall, but may reach 15 ft (4.5 m). Leaves alternate, pinnately compound, crowded on short lateral stems, 3-6 cm long, 3-7(9) leaflets, each leaflet wavy, thick and rigid, generally folded along midrib, may or may not be lobed, base truncate to wedge-shaped, tip generally acute, margin spine-tipped with 3-8 teeth, each 2-3 mm long, dull gray-green. Flowers yellow, 6-petaled, in 5 cm clusters of 8-12 flowers. Fruit yellowish or purplish red to dark purple, ovoid to spherical, 6-15 mm wide.
- Sun, good drainage.
- Hardy to USDA Zone 5 Native to the southwest; Utah, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, Arizona, California and Mexico. Mostly on slopes and flats in desert grassland and pinyon-juniper woodland. Intergrades with B. haematocarpa, especially in the Mojave Desert.
- fremontii: after Gen. John Charles Fremont (1813-1890). He led two expeditions into California, becoming the first botanical collector in the Sierra Nevada. He was a solider, explorer, the first U.S. Senator from California, ran unsuccessfully for President, and was governor of the Arizona Territory.