Native to (or naturalized in) Oregon:
- Evergreen shrub, to 7 ft (2 m) tall, branches crooked, stout, and rigid; twigs smooth or covered with fine hairs. Bark glossy, smooth, and reddish-brown, on older branches it exfoliates in strips revealing a whitish-green color. Leaves alternate, simple, ovate to elliptical, 2.5-5 cm long, leathery, apex and base rounded, margin entire, light green and glossy on both surfaces, sometimes minute pubescence; petiole to 2 cm long. Flowers pinkish-white, urn-shaped, in terminal, nodding clusters, bloom in very early spring. Fruit a berry-like drupe (resembles a small apple), dark reddish-brown to black, thin mealy pulp enclosing 4 to 10 stony seeds.
- Sun or light shade. Best on well-drained soils, does well on dry sites.
- Hardy to USDA Zone 5 Native range from Washington through the Oregon Cascades and south through the Sierra Nevada to the Coast Range of northern California, east to the Great Basin and western Colorado, and south to the higher elevations of northern Arizona.
- patula: spreading