Crataegus phaenopyrum
Common name: 
Washington Hawthorn
Pronunciation: 
kra-TEE-gus fee-no-PI-rum
Family: 
Rosaceae
Genus: 
Type: 
Broadleaf
Native to (or naturalized in) Oregon: 
No
  • Deciduous tree, 15-30 ft (4.5-9 m), rounded, dense, delicate slender branches, thorny (thorns thin, 2.5-7.5 cm long).   Leaves simple, 2.5-7.5 cm long, 3-5 lobed, sharply serrate, reddish purple when unfolding changing to a lustrous dark green, fall color orange to scarlet.  White flowers with pink anthers, blooms profusely, in terminal or axillary clusters.  The last hawthorn to flower.  Bright red glossy fruit, 6-8 mm across, 3-5 nutlets (seeds) per fruit; persisting all winter.
  • Sun, moderate root system easy to garden under.  Protect from wind.
  • Hardy to USDA Zone 3     Native from Virginia to Alabama and Missouri.   Considered the dainties of Hawthorns, and there are hundreds, native to North America.
  • phaenopyrum: Greek, from phaeno, visible; apparently meaning having an appearance of pear (pyrus), possibly referring to their similar flowers.
  • Washington Hawthorn:  The tree was grown on a large scale by a Georgetown nurseryman and became popular around Washington D.C. in the late 1700's and apparently took on the name of the city.
  • Corvallis: east and west ends of the parking lot west of the Methodist Church on Monroe Ave., between 12th and 13th Streets.
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  • plant habit, flowering

    plant habit, flowering

  • plant habit, flowering

    plant habit, flowering

  • flowering branches

    flowering branches

  • flowers, leaves and thorns

    flowers, leaves and thorns

  • thorn

    thorn

  • plant habit, summer

    plant habit, summer

  • leaves and green fruit

    leaves and green fruit

  • leaves and ripe fruit

    leaves and ripe fruit

  • leaves and fruit

    leaves and fruit

  • leaves and fruit, comparison

    leaves and fruit, comparison

  • fruit and leaves, fall

    fruit and leaves, fall

  • leaf and fruit, fall

    leaf and fruit, fall

  • plant habit, after leaf fall

    plant habit, after leaf fall

  • fruit clusters, early winter

    fruit clusters, early winter

  • fruit, winter

    fruit, winter

  • fruit, seeds and buds, winter

    fruit, seeds and buds, winter