Yucca glauca
Common name: 
Small Soapweed
Great Plains Yucca
YUK-ah GLAW-ka
Asparagaceae, Agavaceae, Liliaceae,
Native to (or naturalized in) Oregon: 
  • Broadleaf evergreen shrub, 1-6 ft tall (1-2 m), one, occasionally two, clusters of long pointed leaves.   Leaves narrow linear, 30-70 cm long, 6 to 10 mm wide, grayish or glaucous green, with a narrow white edge, usually with few fibers.  Flowers are bell-shaped, pendulous, greenish white, 6-7 cm long, on a tall cluster (panicle), 100-200 cm, narrow and rarely branched.  Fruit develops into an oblong, woody capsule containing many flat, glossy, black, winged seeds, about 12 mm long.
  • Sun, well-drained soil,  drought-tolerant, useful for dry sites.
  • Hardy to USDA Zone 3      Extensive native range, from southern Alberta and Saskatchewan to New Mexico, including North Dakota, South Dakota, Montana, Idaho, Wyoming, Colorado, Kansas, Oklahoma, Nebraska, Iowa and Missouri.
  • First described for science in 1813 by the English botanist-naturalist Thomas Nuttall.
  • Common name: (Small) Soapweed Yucca, because its roots and palm-like leaves provided materials for the making of soap and baskets.  A much larger species, Yucca elata, is also called Soapweed Yucca a well as Soaptree Yucca.
  • glauca:  gray-green, a reference to its leaves.
Click image to enlarge
  • plant habit, start of spring flowering

    plant habit, start of spring flowering

  • developing flower stalk

    developing flower stalk

  • leaves


  • flower clusters, in habitat

    flower clusters, in habitat

  • developing clusters, in habitat

    developing clusters, in habitat

  • fruiting, in a landscape

    fruiting, in a landscape

  • fruit pods

    fruit pods

  • fruit pods, in habitat

    fruit pods, in habitat

  • ripe fruit with seeds

    ripe fruit with seeds

  • fruit after seed drop

    fruit after seed drop

  • plant habit, late summer in native habitat (Kansas )

    plant habit, late summer in native habitat (Kansas )