Native to (or naturalized in) Oregon:
- Broadleaf deciduous shrub or small tree, to about 25 ft (~8 m) tall, irregular, often open crown, and a short trunk. Slender spreading branches. Leaves alternate, simple, firm, almost leathery, 5-12 cm long and 4-7 cm wide, with 3-7 shallow lobes, each toothed at the tip, upper surface glossy dark green, pale green to gray below. Flowers small, male flowers in hairy, catkins 8-12 cm long, female flowers very small, usually in few flowered axillary clusters. Fruit (acorn) matures in two seasons, small, 1-1.5 cm long, cup has thin, overlapping reddish-brown scales and encloses about 1/3 of the nut.
- Hardy to USDA Zone 5 Native to northeastern U.S., from New York and New England states, south to Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Virginia and North Carolina. Found on dry, sandy soils and open rocky outcrops.
- ilicifolia: Ilex- or holly-leaved .