Native to (or naturalized in) Oregon:
- Deciduous conifer, to 100 ft (30 m) tall, crown narrow and conical, branches erect on young trees, but horizontal on old trees. Leaves in clusters of 15-30, each 2-4 cm long, soft, nearly filamentous, dark green above, with 2 stomatal bands of 2 rows each below, yellowish in fall. Mature cones 2.5-4 cm long, very short stalked, with about 30 scales, which are brown tomentose on the exterior, thick, leathery, bract scale hidden.
- Sun, moist, light soil.
- Hardy to USDA Zone (1) 2 Native range extends from near the Finnish boarder to central and eastern Siberia. Jacobson (1996) reports that it "performs well in Montana and the adjacent provinces of Canada."
- Several cultivars listed (e.g., 'Conica', 'Fastigiata', 'Glauca', 'Longifolia', 'Pendula'), but probably most are not readily available in the U.S. A possible exception is 'Conica', which is described by its wholesale producer (Iseli Nursery, Boring, Oregon) as and upright-narrow, light-green spire, having nearly horizontal branches that sweep up at the tips.
- russica: Russian.