Native to (or naturalized in) Oregon:
- Deciduous conifer, large, to 230 ft (70 m), open and pyramidal, horizontal branches, short spur shoots. Leaves in clusters of 15-30, each 3-5 cm long, glossy pale green, yellowish in fall. Mature cones 3-5 cm long, reddish brown, about 30 scales, bract tip extends beyond the scale.
- Sun, moist, light soil; grows rapidly, and soon too large for the average garden.
- Hardy to USDA Zone 4 Native range extends from the eastern slopes of the Cascades to the Northern Rocky Mountains (i.e., Oregon, Washington, British Columbia, Alberta, Idaho, and Montana). Limited number of landscape selections; one is 'Bollinger', a dwarf shrub.
- occidentalis: western.
- Oregon State Univ. campus: southeast Peavy Hall, near sidewalk.