Gaultheria procumbens
Common name: 
Wintergreen
Pronunciation: 
gawl-THEE-ree-a pro-KUM-benz
Family: 
Ericaceae
Genus: 
Type: 
Broadleaf
Native to (or naturalized in) Oregon: 
No
  • Evergreen shrublet, creeping, to about 6 inches (15 cm) tall, stoloniferous and in time providing a dense ground cover.  Leaves simple, crowded at branch tips, elliptic to elliptic-obovate, 2-5 cm by 1-2 cm, dark green, glossy above.  Flowers urn-shaped, 7 mm, white or pinkish, single or rarely in small racemes.  Fruits globose, 8-15 mm, red, very aromatic when rubbed, persistent from October to late spring.
  • Sun or part shade, acid soils, slow growing.
  • Hardy to USDA Zone 3      Native to eastern North America, from Newfoundland to Manitoba and Minnesota, south to Georgia and Alabama.
  • Gaultheria: after Jean-François Gaulthier (c. 1708-1758), botanist and physician of Quebec. procumbens: prostrate.
Click image to enlarge
  • plant habit

    plant habit

  • leaves

    leaves

  • flowers and leaves

    flowers and leaves

  • leaves and fruit, fall

    leaves and fruit, fall

  • fruit and leaves

    fruit and leaves