Escallonia × langleyensis
es-ka-LON-ee-a X lang-lee-EN-sis
Native to (or naturalized in) Oregon:
- Broadleaf evergreen to semi-evergreen shrub, 5-6 ft (1.5-1.8 m), arching. Leaves alternate, simple, 1-4 cm long, narrow oval to obovate, toothed or serrated margin, dark green above, paler below. Brownish spots (glands) on stems and leaves. Flowers solitary or in small clusters, from white to pink to light red, about 1.5 cm wide, on short branchlets. Blooms in late spring and throughout the summer.
- Sun, tolerant of sea breezes and a range of soils
This hybrid shrub was raised at Veitch’s nursery at Langley, England in about 1893. It was the result of a cross of E. virgata with a selection of E. rubra. It is usually designated as E. × langleyensis, a name applied in 1897, but apparently the correct botanical name is E. × rigida, the name given in 1894 to a wild plant of this parentage (from the website, Trees and Shrubs Online).
Several cultivars, many have been developed by the Slieve Donard Nursery in North Ireland, including:
- 'Apple Blossom' - pale pink flowers, it can be a sprawling shrub unless pinched or cut back, blooms sporadically during the summer, but greatest in late spring
- 'Donard Gem' - fragrant pink flowers, compact shrub to 3 ft (0.9 m) or so
- 'Donard White' - white flowers, pink in bud, long flowering period, about 3 ft (0.9 m)
- 'Donard Scarlet' - scarlet flowers, upright, narrow, about 3-6 ft (0.9-1.8 m) high
- 'Pride of Donard' - large scarlet-pink flowers, glossy, deep green leaves, to 5 ft (1.5 m), wider than tall, long blooming period
- Hardy to USDA Zone 7 Escallonia are native to South America, principally Chile.
- Escallonia: after Senor Escallon, a Spanish traveler in South America; langleyensis: of Langley, were the hybrid was raised in 1893