kam-e-SIP-a-ris pi-SIF-er -a
Native to (or naturalized in) Oregon:
- Conifer, evergreen tree, to 160 ft (50 m) in its native habitat, much less in cultivation, narrow conical crown, horizontally spreading branches which tend to be in a single plane, nodding. Bark red-brown, smooth, exfoliating in thin strips. Adult leaves scale-like, opposite, appressed, glossy green above, usually with distinct white markings below, facial needles sharp, boat-shaped. Juvenile leaves, such as found on seedlings, are needle-like, 4–8 mm long, soft and bluish-green. Cones clustered, small, globose, about 6 mm wide, dark brown, 8-12 scales.
Hardy to USDA Zone 4 Native to Japan. Introduced into cultivation in the west about 1859. The species type is rather uncommon as a landscape plant. The horticultural literature often further divides the species into various subdivisions (often as a var. or f.); the three most common are:
- Filifera (C. p. f. filifera), Threadleaf Falsecypress: drooping, whip or cord-like branchlets mostly covered with scale-like adult leaves
- Squarosa (C. p. f. squarosa), Moss Falsecypress: branchlets with soft, needle-like juvenile leaves
- Plumosa (C. p. f. plumosa), Plume Falsecypress: branchlets feathery, with part adult and part juvenile leaves
Here are a few of the many cultivars available:
- 'Compacta Variegata' - dwarf form, leaves green-gray with flecks of cream
- 'Filifera' - shrub/tree, in time to 40-50 ft (12-15 m) high !, branchlets thin, filamentous, cord-like
- 'Filifera Aurea' - semi-dwarf, slow growing, branches and leaves like ‘Filifera’, but yellow (see similar)
- 'Filifera Nana' - shrub, dwarf, bushy habit, filamentous, cord-like branchlets
- 'Lemon Thread' - semi-dwarf, conical, upright, mostly yellow thread-like branchlets
- 'Sungold' - semi-dwarf, a flat globe, slow growing, foliage is thread-like and golden-yellow.
- 'Curly Tops' - globose semi-dwarf, metallic blue foliage with twisted and curled branch tips
- 'Boulevard' - tree, 15-25 ft, narrow-pyramidal, conical, needles awl-shaped
- 'Squarrosa' - tree, 8(65!) ft [2(20!) m], densely twiggy, becomes irregularly fluffy
- 'Plumosa' - tree, to 30-65 ft (10-20 m) tall, branchlets feathery, scale leaves and needle-like leaves
- scale leaves
- pisifera: from the Latin pisum, pea, and ferre, to bear, a reference to its small, pea-sized cones. Sawara: its Japanese name.
- Portland, Oregon: Hoyt Arboretum