SEL-tis (KEL-tis) re-tik-u-LA-ta
Native to (or naturalized in) Oregon:
- Broadleaf deciduous, usually a large shrub, 15-30 feet (4.5-9 m), but may be a tree to a height of 50 ft (15 m), slow growing, often a spreading habit, somewhat scraggly. Leaves simple, alternate, ovate, 3-8 cm long, tapered at apex, base rounded to heart-shaped (cordate), margin serrate except at base but it also may be entire on older plants, rough and bright green above, distinct reticulate vein network below, short petiole, to 5 mm; yellow fall color. Flowers male and female, at the base of leaves in early spring, about 3 mm wide, greenish. Fruit reddish-brown to purple, 1 cm wide, globose, pulp thin but sweet, stalk 1 cm long, pubescent.
- Sun. Grows on well-drained soils, from dry to moist, alkaline or acidic, rocky to loam. Reportedly plants are strongly tap rooted but possess many shallow roots as well. Does not require supplemental water after establishment. Susceptible to nipple gall.
- Hardy to USDA Zone 4 Native range extends from southern Nebraska south through central Kansas and Colorado into Texas and northern Mexico, westward to southern California, and north through Washington and Oregon into Idaho. It readily hybridizes with sugarberry (Celtis laevigata) and populations with intermediate characteristics have been reported.
- reticulata: net-veined, the leaves
- Dallas, Oregon: Delbert Hunter Arboretum and Botanic Garden.
Click image to enlarge