Aesculus pavia
Common name: 
Red Buckeye
Red-flowering Buckeye
ES-ku-lus PA-ve-a
Sapindaceae, Hippocastanaceae
Native to (or naturalized in) Oregon: 
  • Broadleaf deciduous shrub or tree, 10-20(35) ft (3-6(11) m) tall with a similar width, clump forming, rounded crown, irregular.  Leaves opposite, pinnately compound, 5-7 leaflets, each 7-15 cm long and 3-10 cm wide, acuminate, irregularly and sometimes doubly serrate, dark green, without hairs (glabrous) or pubescent below, petiole 5-13 cm long.  Flowers red, 3-4 cm long, 4-5 petals, in clusters 10-20 cm long, about 5 or more cm wide.  Fruit spherical or ovoid, 3-5 cm wide, smooth surface, 1-2 brown glossy seeds.
  • Sun or light shade, in well-drained, acid soil.
  • Hardy to USDA Zone 5     Native range extends from Virginia to Florida and east to Louisiana and Texas.
  • A few cultivars available, 'Humilis' is a dwarf form.
  • pavia: after Peter Paaw (Latinized to Pavia) (1564-1617), Dutch botanist.
  • Oregon State Univ. campus: east of Dixon Lodge, 11th St.
Click image to enlarge
  • plant habit, flowering

    plant habit, flowering

  • leaves and flower cluster

    leaves and flower cluster

  • leaf


  • leaflet


  • flower cluster and leaves

    flower cluster and leaves

  • flower cluster and flowers

    flower cluster and flowers

  • plant habit, summer

    plant habit, summer

  • leaf and margin, summer

    leaf and margin, summer

  • leaves and fruits

    leaves and fruits

  • young fruit

    young fruit

  • fruit


  • plant habit, fall

    plant habit, fall

  • leaves, fall

    leaves, fall

  • winter twigs, buds

    winter twigs, buds