- Broadleaf, evergreen shrub or tree, to 6-30 ft (2-10 m) tall, in the landscape a shrub, 8-12 ft (2.5-3.5 m) and 4-8 ft wide (1.2-2.5 m). Compact rounded growth habit. Stems are bright red to purple-red in color. Leaf arrangement variable, alternate then more sub-opposite or opposite towards the ends of branches. The leaves are aromatic, simple, 4-12 cm long and 0.7-2.0 cm wide, lanceoate to narrow-elliptic, dark green with a pale underside. Male and female flowers are on separate plants, both in small terminal custers. Male flowers are pale brown to flesh colored and have 20-25 stamens. The small female flowers have 3-8 petals that are yellow-cream or white; they appear in late winter, spring or early summer (depending on the climate) and are followed by red and finally black, globose, berries 5–8 mm wide.
- Sun to part shade, prefers moist, well-drained soil, can tolerates strong winds but not maritime exposure.
- Hardy to USDA Zone 7 Native to southeastern Australia, from Tasmania northwards through Victoria and into New South Wales.
- Understorey plants of open forests or temperate rainforests.
Mountain Pepper: A “bushfood” native pepper sold in Australia, it is produced from the dried leaves and berries of this plant. The ‘pepper’ taste is derived from the compound polygodial, a C15 sesquiterpene.