Sophora secundiflora
Common name: 
Mescal Bean
Texas Mountain Laural
Frijolito
Pronunciation: 
so-FO-ra sek-und-ee-FLOR-uh
Family: 
Fabaceae
Genus: 
Synonyms: 
Calia secundiflora
Dermatophyllum secundiflorum
Type: 
Broadleaf
Native to (or naturalized in) Oregon: 
No
  • Evergreen shrub 3 feet (0.9 m) tall, to tree-like, often with multiple trunks, to 33 feet (10 m) tall.  Leaves alternate, compound (pinnate), 3-5 pairs of leaflets, leaflets oblong to obovate, notched at tip, mid-green above, silvery and silky below.  Flowers pea-like, 2.5 cm long, violet-blue, fragrant, in terminal clusters (racemes) 3-5 cm long; blooms in spring.  Fruit oblong pod, pubescent, to 20 cm long, hard and woody, indehiscent pod that is somewhat constricted between the seeds, which are red and poisonous.
  • Sun and light shade, tolerates alkaline soil and intense heat.  The seeds are poisonous, so remove young fruit if children are present to prevent seed development.
  • Hardy to USDA Zone 7      Native to southeastern New Mexico to central and western Texas and adjacent Mexico.  Some authorities now place this plant in the genus Calia, hence Calia secundiflora.  Whereas the Intigrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) lists it as Dermatophyllum secundiflorum (Phytoneuron 57: 1–4.  2011).
  • Only a few selections available, including:
  • secundiflora: with flowers on one side of the stalk.
Click image to enlarge
  • plant habit, flowering

    plant habit, flowering

  • leaves

    leaves

  • leaf

    leaf

  • flower clusters

    flower clusters

  • plant habit, fruiting

    plant habit, fruiting

  • leaves and fruit cluster

    leaves and fruit cluster

  • fruit

    fruit

  • fruit and seeds

    fruit and seeds