New Zealand Red Beech
Native to (or naturalized in) Oregon:
- Broadleaf evergreen tree, to about 20-40 ft (6-12 m) in cultivation; 120 ft (36 m) in its wild habitat. Shoots red-brown, pubescent, often zigzag. Leaves simple, alternate, broad-ovate, 3-5 cm long and 2-3 cm wide, 4-8 large acute teeth on each side, thin, papery texture, 3-5 vein pairs, upper surface yellow-green to dark green, shiny below with minute pits at the base, turns bright red before falling in the second year. Male flowers grouped 1-3 with 8-11 stamens. Fruit red, 4-valved, 12 mm capsule, with 3 seeds.
- Sun to light shade, acidic well-drained soil.
- Hardy to USDA Zone 8? Native to New Zealand.
- fusca: dark brown or somber; reference to the foliage and wood.