Native to (or naturalized in) Oregon:
- Broadleaf evergreen shrub or small tree, to 10 ft tall and 12 ft wide (3 × 6.7 m), dense foliage. Bark is smooth and gray-brown, becomes handsome with age, eventually developing a brown to tan pealing segments revealing a darker or lighter tan inner bark. Leaves simple, opposite, ovate to lanceolate, 2.5-5 cm long and about 1.5 cm wide, apex pointed, margin entire, dark glossy green, paler below, covered with transparent dots, strongly scented when crushed. Flowers white or pink-white, to 3 cm wide, many stamens, fragrant, on long stalks (to 3 cm). Fruit subglobose, 9 mm diam., blue-black when ripe.
- Sun. Requires well-drained soil. Shelter from cool drying winds. Often grown as hedge or screen.
- Hardy to USDA Zone 8 Native to Mediterranean and southwest Europe, although its native range is uncertain since the plant has been widely cultivated for centuries.
- There are seveal cultivars, one is a dwarf, dense form known as 'Compacta'.
- communis: common