Native to (or naturalized in) Oregon:
- Broadleaf evergreen tree, generally to 15-30 ft (~5-10 m) high, rounded shape. Leaves alternate, simple, leaf blade cuneate-obovate or narrowly elliptic-obovate, 5-14 × 1-4 cm, leathery, glabrous, base wedge-shaped (cuneate), apex obtuse to acute, margin entire or serrate in upper 1/2, upper suface dark green, lower pale green and sparsely to moderately golden glandular. Dioecious-- male and female flowers on separate plants; male catkins (spikes) simple or inconspicuously branched, solitary or sometimes few together in leaf axils, 1-3 cm long, anthers dark red, ellipsoid; female catkins (spikes) solitary in leaf axils, 0.5-1.5 cm, many flowered. Fruit a drupe, dark red or purple-red at maturity, globose, 1-1.5 cm in diameter, to 3 cm when cultivated, sweet, edible.
- Sun, or partial shade, best in moist soils.
- Hardy to USDA Zone 9 (20-30°F) Some reports that it can survive in Zone 8b (15-20°F) Native to eastern Asia, China, Japan, Korea, Philippines; found in warm coastal areas.
- Like many plants in the genus Myrica, Red Bayberry has been placed, by some taxonomists, in the genus Morella, hence Morella rubra. However, The Plant List (http://www.theplantlist.org/), as of 2017, gives this latter name only as a synonym for Myrica rubra.