Myrica rubra
Common name: 
Red Bayberry
Chinese Bayberry
Japanese Bayberry
Pronunciation: 
mi-RI-ka RU-bra
Family: 
Myricaceae
Genus: 
Synonyms: 
Morella rubra
Type: 
Broadleaf
Native to (or naturalized in) Oregon: 
No
  • Broadleaf evergreen tree, generally to 15-30 ft (~5-10 m) high, rounded shape.  Leaves alternate, simple, leaf blade cuneate-obovate or narrowly elliptic-obovate, 5-14 × 1-4 cm, leathery, glabrous, base wedge-shaped (cuneate), apex obtuse to acute, margin entire or serrate in upper 1/2, upper suface dark green, lower pale green and sparsely to moderately golden glandular.  Dioecious-- male and female flowers on separate plants; male catkins (spikes) simple or inconspicuously branched, solitary or sometimes few together in leaf axils, 1-3 cm long, anthers dark red, ellipsoid; female catkins (spikes) solitary in leaf axils, 0.5-1.5 cm, many flowered.  Fruit a drupe, dark red or purple-red at maturity, globose, 1-1.5 cm in diameter, to 3 cm when cultivated, sweet, edible.
  • Sun, or partial shade, best in moist soils.  
  • Hardy to USDA Zone 9 (20-30°F)  Some reports that it can survive in Zone 8b (15-20°F)     Native to eastern Asia, China, Japan, Korea, Philippines; found in warm coastal areas.
  • Like many plants in the genus Myrica, Red Bayberry has been placed, by some taxonomists, in the genus Morella, hence Morella rubra.  However, The Plant List (http://www.theplantlist.org/), as of 2017, gives this latter name only as a synonym for Myrica rubra.
Click image to enlarge
  • plant habit, row of trees

    plant habit, row of trees

  • leaves and male catkins

    leaves and male catkins

  • trunk, bark

    trunk, bark