Halesia carolina
Common name: 
Carolina Silverbell
Mountain Silverbell
ha-LE-zhi-a kar-o-LI-na
Halesia tetraptera
Native to (or naturalized in) Oregon: 
  • Broadleaf deciduous tree, 30-40 ft (9-12 m) tall, 20-35 ft (6-11 m) wide, sometimes larger, excurrent, conical habit.  Leaves alternate, simple, ovate to elliptic to ovate-oblong, 5-10 cm long and half as wide, finely serrate, dark green soon glabrous, pubescent below.  Flowers white ('Rosea' has pink), pendulous, bell-shaped, 5 cm long, including a 2.5 cm stalk, 2-5 per cluster.  Fruit is an oblong, 4-winged dry drupe.
  • Sun to part shade, roots near surface.
  • Hardy to USDA Zone 4     Native to the Appalachians Mountains of North Carolina to Tennessee and Georgia, an understory tree.
  • At one time in the recent past, Halesia monticola and Halesia carolina were both considered to be Halesia tetraptera.  Now they are both placed in Halesia carolina.    However, trees known as Mountain Silverbell are larger in habit, leaf, flower and fruit than typical H. carolina (Dirr, 1997, 2009).
  • Oregon State Univ. campus: south side Valley Gymnastic Center (Carolina Silverbell); southwest side of Milam Hall (Mountain Silverbell).
Click image to enlarge
  • plant habit, spring flowering

    plant habit, spring flowering

  • flowering branches

    flowering branches

  • flowers and fruit

    flowers and fruit

  • flowers


  • flowers, comparison

    flowers, comparison

  • plant habit, summer

    plant habit, summer

  • leafy shoot

    leafy shoot

  • leaves


  • leaves


  • fruit and leaves

    fruit and leaves

  • developing fruit

    developing fruit

  • mature fruit

    mature fruit

  • leaves and fruit

    leaves and fruit

  • plant habit, fall

    plant habit, fall

  • leaves and fruit, fall

    leaves and fruit, fall

  • winter twigs and buds

    winter twigs and buds

  • trunk, bark

    trunk, bark