Native to (or naturalized in) Oregon:
- Broadleaf evergreen shrub, 10-15 ft (3-4.5 m) high, very dense, oval in full sun, more open, sprawly, in shade. Leaves opposite, simple, obovate to narrowly oval, 2.5-7.5 cm long, lustrous dark green, leathery, tapered at base, serrated except at base. Flowers greenish white, 8 mm wide, blooms in early summer. Pinkish-red fruit in late summer or early fall.
- Sun to heavy shade. Adaptable to varied soils. Can be heavily pruned. Very salt tolerant, well adapted to maritime conditions. Many cultivars, including variegated types which often revert to the green form, especially under excessive fertility.
- Hardy to USDA Zone (6) 7 (A hardier substitute, Zone 5, is E. kiautshovicus ‘Manhattan’). Native to Japan.
- See some examples of selections that are small-leafed or vagiegated.
- Oregon State Univ. campus: northwest Milam Hall.