Native to (or naturalized in) Oregon:
- Evergreen tree, large, to about 100 ft (30 m), wide spreading, branches nodding at tips, stem red brown, bark is longitudinally grooved. Leaves blue-green, in 4 rows, ovate, densely appressed, usually with long sharp pointed tips. Cones globose, about 12 mm wide, short stalked, 6-8 scales, with a stout, recurved thorn in the center.
- Hardy to USDA Zone 7 Native to Mexico, Guatemala and Honduras, not from Portugal as the name lusitanica ("of Portugal") suggests. The term lusitanica refers to the very early cultivation of the species in Portugal. Plants were imported from Mexico to a monastery near Coimbra, Portugal in about 1634. The species was not described botanically over 130 years later in 1768 (Wikipedia).
- The cultivar 'Blue Swirl' is a compact dwarf tree/shrub, with dense, fern-like, blue-green foliage
- lusitanica: of Portugal (Lusitanica)...but see above.