Cinnamomum camphora
Common name: 
Camphor Tree
Camphor Laurel
Pronunciation: 
sin-a-MO-mum kam-FOR-a
Family: 
Lauraceae
Genus: 
Type: 
Broadleaf
Native to (or naturalized in) Oregon: 
No
  • Evergreen tree, fast growing, 40-60(100) ft tall and wide (12 × 18 m [30 m]), rounded shape, then wide spreading.  Leaves simple, alternate, oval, oval-lanceolate to obovate, 7.5-10 cm long, 4-7.5 wide, tip acuminate, base wedge-shaped, margin entire, dark green and glabrous above (new growth bronzy), 3-4 vein pairs, fragrant (camphor) odor when crushed.  Flowers perfect, small (1-2 mm), greenish white and fragrant, in 5-7.5 cm axillary clusters.  Fruit black, spherical, about 1 cm wide, produced in great numbers and can messy.
  • Sun or light shade.
  • Hardy to USDA Zone 9         Native to Japan, southeast China (City Tree of Suzhou) and Taiwan.   Note: Considered an invasive species in Australia and in Florida.  Birds eat the plentiful fruit and distribute the seeds.
  • camphora: pertaining to camphor.
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  • street trees

    street trees

  • plant habit, spring

    plant habit, spring

  • spring leaf senescence

    spring leaf senescence

  • new leaves and developing flowers

    new leaves and developing flowers

  • mature leaf

    mature leaf

  • buds and leaves

    buds and leaves

  • trunk, bark

    trunk, bark