Common Name: 
Peony

Over 30 species of clump-forming herbaceous perennials (most) and deciduous, sometimes suckering shrubs or subshrubs (tree peonies).  Leaves alternate, compound, and leaflets usually are toothed or lobed.  Flowers are generally large, showy, and sometimes fragrant.  Native range from Europe to eastern Asia, two species are found in western North America (P. brownii and P. californica).
Paeonia: from the Greek name paionia, meaning Paion, physician to the gods in mythology.

Pronunciation: 
pay-ON-ee-a
Family: 
Paeoniaceae