Common Name: 
Ginkgo

A single species, a deciduous tree (Ginkgo biloba).  It is a gymnosperm = gymno, naked, and sperm, seed.  Based on fossil evidence, this species has existed almost unchanged for over 200 million years.  Native to China, and currently found wild in two locations.
Ginkgo: from the Chinese yin-kuo, silver apricot, apparently from the Japanese pronunciation, ginko.

Pronunciation: 
GINK-go
Family: 
Ginkgoaceae