A small genus of only three species of evergreen trees. The branchlets are arranged in broad, flattened sprays. The leaves are scale-like, flattened, borne in opposite pairs. Monoecious, male "flowers" (microsporangia) solitary and female "flowers" (megasporangia) nearly globose. Cones are woody and ripen in the first year. One species, C. decurrens, is native to western North America, whereas the other two species are native to Asia, C. formosana, northern and central Taiwan, and C. macrolepsis, southwestern China and eastern Burma (Myanmar).
Calocedrus: Greek kalos, beautiful; cedrus, cedar