Pinus contorta var. contorta
Common name: 
Shore Pine
Pronunciation: 
PI-nus kon-TOR-ta kon-TOR-ta
Family: 
Pinaceae
Genus: 
Type: 
Conifer
Native to (or naturalized in) Oregon: 
Yes
  • Conifer, evergreen tree, 40-50 ft (12-15 m) tall, irregular, twisted (contorta: twisted, the young shoots), spreading, broad rounded crown, dark brown bark.  In the Willamette Valley, large blobs of pitch often present on trunk.  Two needles per bundle, 3-7 cm long, stout, slightly flattened, often twisted, leaf sheath 4-6 mm long.  Cones 2-5 cm long, egg-shaped, oblique, stalkless (or nearly so), tend to point backwards.  Some cones will open and release seed soon after maturing; others may remain unopened for several years.
  • Sun.  Grows under a wide variety of soil condition.   Shore pine found in peat bogs and dry, sandy sites.  It is very tolertant of salt spray and is common along the Oregon Coast.
  • Hardy to USDA Zone 7     Native from the coast of Alaska along the Pacific to northern California.  Another form, P. c. var. latifolia (Lodgepole pine), is a columnar tree found in the interior (Rocky Mountains) and eastern Oregon.  A third form, P. c. var. murrayana (Sierra Lodgepole Pine) is also recognized by some authorities.
  • There are a few compact or dwarf forms of Pinus contorta, such as ‘Spaan's Dwarf’.
  • Shore and Lodgepole pine are the only pines native to the Pacific Northwest that have short needles in bundles of two.
  • Can be used in bonsai.
  • Oregon State Univ. campus: southeast Magruder Hall.
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  • plant habit

    plant habit

  • branches and cones

    branches and cones

  • branch: needles and cones

    branch: needles and cones

  • needles

    needles

  • trunk, bark

    trunk, bark

  • trunk, pitch

    trunk, pitch