Western White Pine
Native to (or naturalized in) Oregon:
- Conifer, evergreen tree, 100 ft (30 m), narrow, open, conical crown of horizontal branches. Needles 5 per bundle, 5-10 cm long, slightly stout, blue-green, 4-5 white stomatal lines on inner surface, bundle sheath 18 mm long, shed first year. Cones terminal, solitary or grouped 2-5, 13-23 cm long, narrowly cylindrical, mostly short stalked, pitchy, may drip pitch in warm weather. (Difficult to distinguish from Pinus strobus, but P. monticola needles stiffer, growth more dense, and cones tend to be larger.)
- Hardy to USDA Zone 3 Native to the northern Rocky Mountains from British Columbia to Montana, also along Pacific Coast south through the Sierra Nevada to Central California.
- Two cultivars:
- monticola: inhabiting mountains