Native to (or naturalized in) Oregon:
- Conifer, evergreen tree, to 130 ft (40 m), but usually 55-85 ft (17-26 m) high, crown narrowly conical and compact. Bark reddish brown, fibrous, flaking. Juvenile leaves needle-like, 1-2 cm long and 2 mm wide, spirally arranged. Adult leaves are scale-like, about 2-4 mm long, free tip shorter than attached base, rounded in cross section, and arranged in opposite decussate pairs. Both sexes on the same tree. Male pollen cones 2 mm long; female seed cones about 2.5 cm long, woody, dark brown, rough, warty scales, resinous; have black seeds.
- Hardy to USDA Zone 10 (semi-tropical) Native to South Africa (Cape Provence, Willowmore District).
- Santa Cruz, California: U.C. Santa Cruz Arboretum