Rosa acicularis
Common name: 
Wild Prickly Rose
Family: 
Rosaceae
Genus: 
Type: 
Broadleaf
Native to (or naturalized in) Oregon: 
No
  • Broadleaf, deciduous, much branched shrub, 1-4 ft (0.3-2.2 m) high.  Leaves alternate, compound, pinnate, mostly 5 leaflets, but 3 to 9, each is stalkless, elliptic, mostly 1.5-5 cm long and 0.5- 2.5 wide, rounded at both ends, margins finely toothed, dull green above and pale green below and slightly hairy.  Twigs are bristly with many straight, slender, gray, sharp pointed spines or prickles.  Flowers usually solitary, but 2 or 3 sometimes, at the ends of short lateral branches; 5 petals that are pink to rose, 2-3 cm long.  Fruit is a pear-like, elliptic or rounded hip, 1.5-2 cm long, dark red of purple, fleshy and edible, with persistent long sepals, mostly pressed together.

  • Sun to shade, require careful pruning  to be attractive as a landscape ornamental

  • Hardy to USDA Zone 1        Native range is circumpolar in the boreal forest region, from Alaska, British Columbia to Quebec and New England. It is also found in the Rocky Mountains as far south as northern New Mexico and in the northern Great Plains and the Lake States.

  • acicularis: shaped like a needle, needle like  Presumably in reference to the stem spines and prickles.

Click image to enlarge
  • plant habit

    plant habit

  • leaves and fruit

    leaves and fruit

  • leaf, late summer

    leaf, late summer

  • leaf, underside

    leaf, underside

  • flower, (Wikipedia, Walter Seigmund)

    flower (Wikipedia, Walter Seigmund)

  • fruit and leaves

    fruit and leaves

  • fruit

    fruit