Pyracantha coccinea
Common name: 
Scarlet Firethorn
Pronunciation: 
pi-ra-KANTH-a kok-SIN-ee-a
Family: 
Rosaceae
Genus: 
Type: 
Broadleaf
Native to (or naturalized in) Oregon: 
No
  • Broadleaf evergreen to semi-evergreen shrub, 6-18 ft (1.8-5.5 m), many cultivars, variable habit.  Leaves alternate, simple, narrow-elliptic or lanceolate, 2.5-6.5 cm long, crenulate-serrulate, apex acute or rarely obtuse (often a sturdy point), lustrous dark green above.  Flowers perfect, white, 8 mm across, in 5-7.5 cm long clusters (corymbs) in spring or early summer.  Fruit berry-like (pome), 6 mm diam, orange-red, persisting into winter.
  • Sun for best fruiting, but does well in partial shade.  Prefers soil that is dry in summer and pH 5.5 to 7.5.  Birds are attracted to the fruit.
  • Hardy to USDA Zone (5)6     Native from Italy to the Caucasus.
  • Oregon State Univ. campus: north side of Benton, poor fruiting; west side of McNary, espalied.
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  • plant habit

    plant habit

  • leaves and fruit

    leaves and fruit