Native to (or naturalized in) Oregon:
- Deciduous to evergreen ground cover, 6-10(12) inches [15-25(30) cm] high, spreads by rhizomes. Leaves alternate, simple, ovate to rounded, 5-10 cm long, 2-7.5 cm wide, toothed, mostly above the middle, green when young, turning bluish-green, often with gray mottling. Flowers white or pink, fragrant, borne on 5-10 cm spikes in early spring. Fruits are usually not produced, but they are woody capsules that split open when ripe.
- Shade, best in acidic, organic, well-drained soil.
- Hardy to USDA Zone (4) 5 Native to eastern Kentucky, West Virginia, south to Florida and Louisiana.
- procumbens: prostrate, low-growing