Corylopsis
Common name: 
Winterhazel
Pronunciation: 
kor-i-LOP-sis
Family: 
Hamamelidaceae
Genus: 
Type: 
Broadleaf
Native to (or naturalized in) Oregon: 
No
  • Broadleaf deciduous shrubs, 8-15 ft (2.5-4.5 m) tall and similar width, multistemmed, slow growing.  Flowers, which appear before leaves, are soft yellow and in pendulous clusters (racemes).  Leaves alternate, simple, 5-10 cm long, rounded, strongly veined, margin dentate (toothed).  Fruit a somewhat spherical woody capsule, about 12 mm wide, contains 2 glossy black seeds.
  • Light shade, well-drained soil.
  • Hardy to USDA Zone 5 (C. glabrescens) or 6 (C. puaciflora)
  • Many (over 30) or several (7) species, depending upon the taxonomic authority, the more common ones being: C. glabrescens , C. puaciflora, and C. spicata.
    • C. glabrescens   Fragrant Winterhazel  -  large, 12 ft (3.6 m) or more; 10-20 flowers per 7.5 cm clusters; leaves 6-9 cm long, cordate base, 12 vein pairs, margin with bristle-like teeth which point downward; most cold hardy of the species (USDA Zone 5).
    • C. pauciflora   Buttercup Winterhazel  -  small, 4-6 ft (1.2-1.8 m) tall, similar width; 1-5 flowers per short axillary clusters, leaves 4-6 cm, 7-9 vein pairs, glabrous above, hairs on veins below.
    • C. spicata    Spike Winterhazel  -  small, 4-6 ft (1.2-1.8 m) tall, slightly greater width; 6-12 flowers per 2.5-5 cm clusters, stamens have pink filaments, anthers brown, purple or red; leaves 5-10 cm long, 6-7 vein pairs, purplish when new then a dark to blue green, glaucous (waxy bloom) and downy below.
    • Some characteristics to assist in separating C. pauciflora and C. spicata.
  • Corylopsis: from the Greek korylo, hazel, and opsis, appearance, referring to the similarity of the leaves in this genus to those of the
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  • Corylopsis

    Corylopsis