Native to (or naturalized in) Oregon:
- Evergreen shrub, 1-3 ft (0.3-1 m) high, branchlets spreading and not prickly. Leaves are alternate, simple, 2-5 clustered at branch tips, obovate-elliptic to broadly elliptic, 2-5 × 1.5-3 cm, leathery, glandular hairy, 3-veined, unlobed or 3-lobed, petiole 0.5-1.5 cm long. Dioecious – male and female plants. Male flower clusters erect, 2-4(-6) cm long, with 5-18-flowers. Female clusters often axillary, 2-3 cm, 2-3(-7) flowered; greenish-white to yellowish-green. Fruit purple, more or less ellipsoid, about 1 × 0.7 cm, glabrous (without hairs).
- Shade to part shade, moisture needs, average to moist.
- Hardy to USDA Zone (7) 8
- Native to China; N Guizhou, SW Hubei, SW Hunan, Sichuan, NW Yunnan. Found in deciduous and mixed forests, ravine forests, shady and moist places on mountain slopes, cliffs, rocks, roadsides; elevation 3,000-8,500 ft (~900-2700 m).